A city in the west of Scotland. Glasgow was constituted a burgh, under the control of the bishop, at some date between 1175 and 1178. Boundary extensions in the second half of the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century swallowed up parts of Lanarkshire, Renfrewshire and Dunbartonshire, including over a dozen suburban burghs, of which the largest were Govan and Partick (annexed in 1912).
In 1975 Glasgow became part of Glasgow City District and Strathclyde Region. These in turn were replaced by Glasgow City unitary authority in 1996, under the terms of the Local Government (Scotland) Act, 1994. Glasgow's great rival of the medieval period, Rutherglen, was annexed by the city in 1975, despite fierce local resistance, but was disjoined from the city in 1996 and now forms part of South Lanarkshire.