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Dumfries, Heathhall Airfield

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Record Detail

  • Organisation
    RCAHMS
  • Alternative name(s)
    HEATHHALL INDUSTRIAL ESTATE; RAF DUMFRIES; TINWALD DOWNS FARM LANDING GROUND
  • Canmore ID
    91761
  • Site type
    AIRFIELD (FIRST WORLD WAR), MILITARY AIRFIELD (SECOND WORLD WAR)
  • Parish
    DUMFRIES
  • Council
    DUMFRIES-SHIRE
  • NGR
    NX 9977 7885
  • Latitude, longitude
    55.093915N, 3.572093W
  • Archeological notes
    NX97NE 153.00 centred 9977 7885 Extends onto map sheet NY07NW (see NY07NW 46 and 47 and NX98SE. NX97NE 153.01 NX 99992 78537 Museum; Control Tower NX97NE 153.02 NX 99361 79880, NY 99334 80097 and NY 99479 80168 (NX98SE) Aircraft Hangar NX97NE 153.03 NX 99860 79281 , NX 99958 79177 and NY 00103 79138 Aircraft Hangars NX97NE 153.04 c.NX.9913 7920 Pillbox NX97NE 153.05 c. NX.9911 7892 Pillbox NX97NE 153.06 c. NX.9937 7963 Pillbox NX97NE 153.07 c. NX 9902 7863 Pillbox NX97NE 153.08 NX 99685 78471 and NX 99528 78517 Aircraft Hangars NX97NE 153.09 NX 99937 79653 Pillbox Visible on vertical air photographs (OS 79/040/003-5, flown 1979). (Undated) information in NMRS. Planned as an Aircraft Storage Unit in the pre-war period, this airfield opened during 1940. By 1945 the area was used for aircraft storage with one of the runways being closed to create space. It closed as an RAF station during 1957 and it subsequently developed into an industrial estate in 1959. Many of the hangars are still used for storage and the control tower now houses the Dumfries and Galloway Aviation Museum (NX97NE 153.01). D J Smith 1983 The blister hangars on the W side of the airfield visible postwar RAF vertical air photographs (58(A) 382, 5378-5379, flown 19 May 1948) have been removed by the construction of postwar housing in Downs Way. Information from RCAHMS (DE), July 2004 The remains of Heathhall Airfield with its defences is situated within the recent Heathhall housing estate. Only the southern part of the runways survive along with eight aircraft hangars of J, K and L types with the control tower (NX97NE 153.01). Only one defensive pillbox was extant in 1988 (All Scotland Survey [Jasair], 22 88 244-245, flown 10 June 1988), which is also shown on the current OS 1:2500 scale digital map. One type L hangar would appear to have been removed more recently as it is not shown on the current OS 1:2500 scale digital map, though it does appear on the 1988 images. Other remains are part of the bomb store or muintions depot, and part of the rifle range and aircraft shooting butt (NY07NW ). The airfield is visible on RAF WW II vertical air photographs (FNO 158, 6.3-6.12, flown 26 September 1942 and large 1:5000 scale vertical air photographs (106G/UK 1314, 5005-5016, 5029-5037; 5049-5054, flown 27 March 1946), which show that at that date there were fourteen large aircraft hangars, three Bellmans, one type E, eight type J and two type L and at least eleven blister hangars. In addition an extensive technical area (centred NY 0045 7835 and NY 0010 7930) to the E of the two arcs of three aircraft hangars. A defensive ring of pillboxes, mostly type 22 or 27, are also visible on the air photographs taken in 1946 along with the ancilliary buildings, accommodation and training. The airfield originally occupied approximately 174.45 hectares. Information from RCAHMS (DE), April 2006
  • Architectural notes
    N/A

Related material information

SCANNED IMAGES

  • 505283 ()
    Oblique aerial view from ESE, centred on three hangars and various other buildings. The runway is visible in the top right-hand corner of the photograph.
  • 449524 ()
    Aerial view.
  • 624795 (13/2/1996)
    Dumfries, Heathhall Airfield, oblique aerial view, taken from the NW, centred on three hangars and various other buildings.

MANUSCRIPTS

  • 91761 (1976)
    British Airfields, past and present. Map showing all British airfields to compliment the Merseyside Avaiation Society publication 'British Isles Airfield Guide'.
  • 91761 (19/4/1943)
    Two A4 sheets of copies of sketch drawings relating to West Freugh Airfield showing details of hut arrangments in April 1943 and a section through an Avro Anson fuselage. On the second sheet a sketch plan of the communal site at Dumfries (Heathhall) airfield in 1944.

PHOTOGRAPHS

  • 91761 (13/2/1996)
    Oblique aerial view from NE, centred on hangars and various other buildings.
  • 91761 (13/2/1996)
    Oblique aerial view from ENE, centred on hangars and various other buildings.
  • 91761 (13/2/1996)
    Oblique aerial view from SSE, centred on hangars and various other buildings.
  • 91761 (13/2/1996)
    Oblique aerial view from WNW, centred on three hangars and various other buildings.
  • 91761 (13/2/1996)
    Oblique aerial view from WNW, centred on three hangars and various other buildings.
  • 91761 (1941)
    Vertical aerial view.
  • 91761 (17/5/1985)
    General views.
  • 91761 (2/12/1977)
    Oblique aerial view.
  • 91761 (13/2/1996)
    Oblique aerial view from NW, centred on three hangars and various other buildings.
  • 91761 (15/12/1995)
    Oblique aerial view from NE, centred on three hangars and various other buildings. The runway is visible in the top right-hand corner of the photograph.
  • 91761 (15/12/1995)
    Oblique aerial view from ESE, centred on three hangars and various other buildings. The runway is visible in the top right-hand corner of the photograph.
  • 91761 (15/12/1995)
    Oblique aerial view from SW, centred on two L type hangars and the site of a third.
  • 91761 (15/12/1995)
    Oblique aerial view from NNW, centred on two L type hangars and the site of a third.
  • 91761 (15/12/1995)
    Oblique aerial view from NNE, centred on two L type hangars and the site of a third.

DIGITAL IMAGES

  • 1131676 (1/11/2008)
    General oblique aerial view centred on the airfield, taken from the ESE.
  • 1131675 (1/11/2008)
    General oblique aerial view centred on the airfield, taken from the SE.
  • 1131674 (1/11/2008)
    General oblique aerial view centred on the airfield, taken from the S.

1st edition 6-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Dumfriesshire, Sheet XLIX1855
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Kirkcudbrightshire, Sheet 191850

1st edition 25-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Dumfries, Sheet 049.121855
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Dumfries, Sheet 049.121856
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Dumfries, Sheet 049.121855