Sign in / register

Skitten

You may copy, display, store and make derivative works for personal use or use solely within an educational institution by staff and students, under these conditions: the ScotlandsPlaces website is attributed, there is no commercial use or sale, and no public distribution (for example, by hand, email, or web). Full licence details.

Record Detail

  • Organisation
    RCAHMS
  • Alternative name(s)
    KILMINSTER; NORTH KILLIMSTER
  • Canmore ID
    9129
  • Site type
    BROCH, DISH(S), NEEDLE, PESTLE, POUNDER, SPINDLE WHORL, UNIDENTIFIED POTTERY
  • Parish
    WICK
  • Council
    CAITHNESS
  • NGR
    ND 3234 5655
  • Latitude, longitude
    58.491873N, 3.162328W
  • Archeological notes
    ND35NW 3 3234 5655. (ND 3234 5655) Brough (NR) OS 6" map, Caithness, 2nd ed., (1907) Broch (NR) (site of) OS 1:10,000 map, (1974) In 1940 this broch was destroyed to allow the construction of an aerodrome. Prior to this it had appeared as a grass- covered knoll about 150ft in diameter and 9ft high. It had been partially excavated in 1904 by Sir Francis Tress Barry, when only the W half of the tower was exposed. A second excavation was carried out by Calder in 1940, immediately preceding destruction. The broch had consisted of a round tower, encirled by a strong defensive rampart, with a wide, shallow ditch outside. Originally circular in shape, the tower had been built with walls some 15ft thick and an average external diameter of 62ft 6ins. The entrance had been on the W with a guard chamber built into the thickness of the wall off the S side of the passage. From the inner wall face thirteen compartments were arranged radially around the inside of the tower, the divisions consisting of thin stone slabs set on edge. Structurally it would appear that these compartments were later than the broch and possibly early improvements. Sherds of some twenty vessels were discovered, some of them resembling pottery from the lower levels at Traprain Law. In 1904 a bone needle was also found on this site. Other relics found during the 1940 excavation include a saddle quern, several grain rubbers, dishes, knocking stones, pivot stones, anvils, tether stones, pot lids, pounders and smoothing stones, a pestle and a whorl. Also parts of circular querns of post-Roman date. Fragments of human remains found indicated an individual of rather small stature. Finds from the 1904 excavation in the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland (NMAS) include a bone needle (HD 431), a bone borer (HD 432), a pot (GA 908) and possibly two whorls, one of sandstone and one of steatite, donated to the NMAS in 1908. Proc Soc Antiq Scot 1909; RCAHMS 1911; C S T Calder 1950. There are no remains of the broch to be seen. Revised at 1:2500. Visited by OS (R D L) 22 April 1963. There is no trace of this broch. Visited by OS (J M) 14 July 1982.
  • Architectural notes
    N/A

Related material information

SCANNED IMAGES

PRINTS AND DRAWINGS

  • 9129 (1871)
    Sections, one R-S scale drawn to twice scale. RCAHMS Mr Calde r
  • 9129 ()
    Enlarged plan to show interior details RCAHMS Mr Calder
  • 9129 ()
    Plan & section pen/ink RCAHMS MrCalder
  • 9129 ()
    Querns, small finds, etc. pen/ink, 1":4" RCAHMS 20 c. Mr Cald er.

PHOTOGRAPHS

  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Broch.
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 ()
    Prints of excavated Broch ? Charles Calder (Including plates from PSAS)
  • 9129 (1904)
    Plan of broch, entitled 'Killimster Broch, Wick, Caithness'.
  • 9129 (1904)
    Plan of broch, entitled 'Killimster Broch, Wick, Caithness'.
  • 9129 (1904)
    Excavation photograph. Entrance. Original in PRINT ROOM.
  • 9129 (1904)
    Excavation photograph.
  • 9129 (1904)
    Excavation photograph. 'Kilminster Mound, 1904' Original in PRINT ROOM.
  • 9129 (1904)
    Excavation photograph. Original in PRINT ROOM. A further copy is contained in SAS 291.
  • 9129 (1904)
    Excavation photograph. Entrance passage. Original in PRINT ROOM. A further copy is contained in SAS 291.
  • 9129 (1904)
    Excavation photograph. Original in PRINT ROOM. A further copy is contained in SAS 291.
  • 9129 (1903)
    Excavation photograph - view of interior. Original in PRINT ROOM. A further copy is contained in SAS 291.

MANUSCRIPTS

  • 9129 (22/5/1910)
    A O Curle's journal vol 1.
  • 9129 (24/5/1910)
    A O Curle's field notebook no I.
  • 9129 (10/9/96)
    Defence of Britain Project. Council of British Archaeology. Highland. Non anti-invasion plans. Details of Skitten Airfield, Wick, as used during WW 2.
  • 9129 (8/12/1904)
    Letter from Barry to J Anderson.

  • 9129 (1901)
    Handwritten list of photographs with descriptions from Sir Francis Tress Barry's broch excavations.

PRINT ROOM

  • 9129 ()
    Photograph album of Caithness Brochs, showing excavations by Sir Francis Tress Barry

1st edition 6-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Caithness, Sheet XIX1873

1st edition 25-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Caithness, Sheet 019.081873