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Gare Loch, Faslane, Royal Navy, Clyde Submarine Base

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Record Detail

  • Organisation
    RCAHMS
  • Alternative name(s)
    HMS NEPTUNE; PORT NO.1; GARELOCH; FIRTH OF CLYDE; INNER CLYDE ESTUARY
  • Canmore ID
    90282
  • Site type
    NAVAL ESTABLISHMENT (20TH CENTURY)
  • Parish
    RHU
  • Council
    DUNBARTONSHIRE
  • NGR
    NS 2450 8850
  • Latitude, longitude
    56.057072N, 4.820032W
  • Archeological notes
    N/A
  • Architectural notes
    NS28NW 5.00 centred 2450 8850 NS28NW 5.01 NS 24416 89448 and NS 24573 89344 Building; Pier (Shiplift) NS28NW 5.02 NS 24728 88714 Store NS28NW 5.03 NS 24546 88303 Building (NTD building) NS28NW 5.04 NS 24690 88429 Barrack (Wardroom) NS28NW 5.05 NS 24645 88601 School (Polaris School) NS28NW 5.06 NS 24607 88133 Building (Administrative building) NS28NW 5.07 NS 24655 88053 Building (Mess and Recreation) NS28NW 5.08 centred NS 24849 87895 Housing Estate For associated married quarters area (NS 24 88), see NS28NW 7. For related armament depot and jetty, see NS29NW 11 and NS29NE 11. NMRS REFERENCE: PSA Negs catalogued under: NS28NW 7 (Faslane & Coulport Married Quarters). Originally constructed during World War Two (WW II) as a deep water Emergency Port providing an alternative to Liverpool, Bristol and London. Remote from bombing raids, construction began during late 1940 not being ready until 1942. In April much of the northern part of the site was leased for shipbreaking to the Metal Industries Company and the Naval Port closed in 1946. In 1954 a shore support building for hydrogen peroxide type submarines testing was built, this structure still exists today, and was recently in use to supply power to the modern submarine fleet. (1957, large Submarine Depot ships were based in the Loch in tandem with a floating dock. The floating Dock was sold in 1958 and Naval personell accommodated in various local 'houses'. Subsequent to the late 1950's and after the establishment of the US Navy Nuclear Submarine Base in the Holy Loch, Faslane was chosen to house the new British Nuclear deterrent of Polaris Submarines. Following this, the shore establishment was built to support the nuclear submarine fleet, commencing in 1962. The N end of the former WW II continued in use for shipbreaking, but after the Ministry of Defence required more land for the base, it was taken over. From 1962 onwards many barracks, buildings and structures were built to support the submarine base including a Polaris School, Sportsdome, Officers' and ratings accommodation, administrative blocks, mess and recreation blocks, an hospital, stores, power supply , married quarters and more recently in 1987 a 'shiplift' and 'finger jetty' capable of servicing the newer Vanguard class submarines. A new road by-pass has also been constructed on the E side of the site and a new road built through Glen Fruin. There was a Royal Navy presence in the Gare Loch during the First World War when the Shadon Hydro (ex West Shandon House, NS28NW 16), was taken over as a hospital. (Undated) information in NMRS.

Related material information

PHOTOGRAPHS

  • 90282 (10/1974)
    Oblique aerial view of the Gare Loch and Faslane Base, taken from the N
  • 90282 (10/1974)
    Oblique aerial view of the Gareloch and Faslane, taken from the NNW
  • 90282 (10/1974)
    Oblique aerial view of the Gareloch and Faslane, taken from the NW
  • 90282 (10/1974)
    Oblique aerial view of the Head of the Gareloch, taken from the SW
  • 90282 (10/1974)
    Oblique aerial view of Loch Long, Faslane and Garelochead, taken from the WSW.
  • 90282 (10/1974)
    Oblique aerial view of Clynder, Gareloch and Faslane Base, taken from the SW.
  • 90282 (10/1974)
    Oblique aerial view of Gareloch, Faslane and Shandon taken from the W
  • 90282 (8/1973)
    Oblique aerial view from W of Faslane, Gare Loch and Royal Naval Port and Depot.
  • 90282 (20/10/1972)
    General oblique aerial view centred on the naval establishment, taken from the SSW.
  • 90282 (29/7/1969)
    General oblique aerial view looking towards the naval establishment with the village in the foreground, taken from the SW.
  • 90282 (29/7/1969)
    General oblique aerial view looking towards the naval establishment with the village in the foreground, taken from the SW.
  • 90282 (1/8/1965)
    General oblique aerial view of Gare Loch centred on the villages with the naval establishment in the foreground, taken from the NW.
  • 90282 (1/8/1965)
    General oblique aerial view of Gare Loch centred on the villages with the naval establishment in the foreground, taken from the NW.
  • 90282 (3/6/1941)
    RAF WWII oblique aerial view of Gareloch, Faslane showing construction underway on the naval base.
  • 90282 (17/2/2004)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the submarine base, taken from the ESE.
  • 90282 (17/2/2004)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the submarine base, taken from the SSE.
  • 90282 (17/2/2004)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the submarine base, taken from the SSE.
  • 90282 (17/2/2004)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the submarine base, taken from the SSE.
  • 90282 (17/2/2004)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the submarine base, taken from the WSW.
  • 90282 (17/2/2004)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the submarine base, taken from the SW.
  • 90282 (17/2/2004)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the submarine base with the military training camp and oil fuel depot adjacent, taken from the NNW.
  • 90282 (17/2/2004)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the military training camp and oil fuel depots with the submarine base adjacent, taken from the NNW.
  • 90282 ()
    View of cranes Acc. No. 1987/2 Filed in Negative store Sir William Arrol Collection Box 18
  • 90282 ()
    View of cranes Acc. No. 1987/2 Filed in Negative store Sir William Arrol Collection Box 18
  • 90282 ()
    View of cranes Acc. No. 1987/2 Filed in Negative store Sir William Arrol Collection Box 18
  • 90282 ()
    View of cranes Acc. No. 1987/2 Filed in Negative store Sir William Arrol Collection Box 18
  • 90282 ()
    View of cranes Acc. No. 1987/2 Filed in Negative store Sir William Arrol Collection Box 18
  • 90282 ()
    View of cranes Acc. No. 1987/2 Filed in Negative store Sir William Arrol Collection Box 18
  • 90282 ()
    View of cranes Acc. No. 1987/2 Filed in Negative store Sir William Arrol Collection Box 18

SCANNED IMAGES

  • 90282 (6/6/1941)
    Scanned image of RAF WW II oblique aerial view of shipping off Faslane Base in Gare Loch.
  • 90282 (3/6/1941)
    Scanned image of RAF WW II oblique aerial photograph showing the Faslane base and harbour under construction.

DIGITAL IMAGES

  • 1126057 (10/6/2008)
    General oblique aerial view looking across the hill ground towards Gareloch, taken from the SE.

MANUSCRIPTS

  • 90282 (20/2/97)
    Defence of Britain Project. Council of British Archaeology. Argyll and Bute. Details of Naval Base at Faslane ( NS28NW 5 )
  • 90282 (11/7/96)
    Defence of Britain Project. Council of British Archaeology. Angus Region Details of A.A. Gunsite located at Gairloch ( NS28NW 5 ).

PRINTS AND DRAWINGS

  • 90282 (1998)
    (Undated) photocopy of gridded 1:20,000 map (D.E.O (Lands) Rosyth S 163) of HMNB Clyde, Garelochhead training area, RNAD Coulport and RNAD Glen Douglas.
  • 90282 (1995)
    Ardgartan Forest military training area. Overprinted gridded 1:25,000 map (GSGS 5295 in edition 3-GSGS, correct to 9 May 1995) indicating range boundaries and training facilities.
  • 90282 (1994)
    Garelochhead military training area. Overprinted gridded 1:25,000 map (GSGS 5294 in edition 3-GSGS, correct to 4 August 1994) indicating range boundaries and training facilities.

1st edition 6-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Argyllshire, Sheet CLXIV1865
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Dumbartonshire, Sheet XII1860

1st edition 25-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Dumbarton, Sheet 012.071860
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Dumbarton, Sheet 012.071860