Sign in / register

Raf Netherbutton, Chain Home Radar Station

You may copy, display, store and make derivative works for personal use or use solely within an educational institution by staff and students, under these conditions: the ScotlandsPlaces website is attributed, there is no commercial use or sale, and no public distribution (for example, by hand, email, or web). Full licence details.

Record Detail

  • Organisation
    RCAHMS
  • Alternative name(s)
    Z BATTERIES
  • Canmore ID
    81727
  • Site type
    ANTI AIRCRAFT DEFENCES(S) (20TH CENTURY), MILITARY CAMP(S) (20TH CENTURY), RADAR STATION (20TH CENTURY)
  • Parish
    HOLM
  • Council
    ORKNEY
  • NGR
    HY 46211 04396
  • Latitude, longitude
    58.923446N, 2.935888W
  • Archeological notes
    HY40SE 32 centred 46211 04396 For farmstead (HY 4593 0443) within the the defined area of this radar station, see HY40SE 60. Information from RCAHMS (RJCM), 12 February 2001. A Chain Home radar station, the transmitter block at HY 4621 0440. Information from Mr I Brown, October 1998. The remains of Netherbutton Radar Station are situated on both sides of the A 961 at a farmsteading annotated 'Roadside cottage' on the OS digital 1:2500 scale map. The surviving remains consist of the following: on the E side of the road four mast bases at HY 46340 04701, HY 46388 04761, HY 46427 04695 and HY 46379 04635 which surround a house annotated 'The Ranch' built on the site of the Receiver (Rx) block. On the W side of the road the mast bases have been removed, but the transmitter block (Tx) is relatively intact apart from the construction of a house on the upper level. The former gate/guard house (HY 46219 04538) survives at the main gate along with the original perimeter fence which would appear to extend around much of the station. At HY 46126 04557 are the remains and footings of several buildings and the blast walls of the stand-by set house are at HY 46322 04458. Disturbed ground to the S of Netherbutton farmsteading revealed at least two concrete structures amongst what is now heavily overgrown area. Netherbutton Radar Station is visible on WW II RAF vertical air photographs (WL/10, 1.35-1.37, flown 4 July 1942). The images show the two sets of masts, Rx and TX blocks plus several groups of huts. The remains of buildings noted at HY 46126 04557 can be seen as eight huts, one of which is a large 'E' shaped block. The Radar installation was provided with anti-aircraft protection in 1942 by four groups of fixed rocket projectile 'Z' batteries centred at HY 45981 04325, HY 46310 04373, HY 46241 04667 and HY 46471 04785. These rocket launchers may account for the disturbed ground with two concrete structures S of Netherbutton (HY 45981 04325), which is noted above. Addionally a light anti-aircraft battery was also provided. The house annotated 'Darmont' (OS digital 1:2500 scale map) is visible on the wartime images, located within the station perimeter fence was used as officers quarters during WW II. Part of the site was re-used in the postwar period as the OS 1:10000 scale map (1970) is annotated as a 'television station' and depicts three masts to the S and SW of the orginal Rx block. Visted by RCAHMS (DE, GS) August 1999
  • Architectural notes
    N/A

Related material information

MANUSCRIPTS

  • 81727 (1993)
    Orkney Islands. World War One and Two Defences. A survey by John Guy. Volumes 1 & 2,
  • 81727 ()
    Photocopied pages from 'Introduction: The pre-war and War Time Years, The Birth of British Radar' No date, no author

SCANNED IMAGES

  • 1065373 (16/10/1996)
    Scanned image of drawing showing site plan of radar station.
  • 81727 (4/7/1942)
    RAF WWII vertical aerial photograph of Netherbutton radar station. Visible are the main transmitting and receiving blocks with their aerials. Several 'Z' batteries are also visible.
  • 81727 (4/7/1942)
    Scanned image of RAF WWII vertical aerial photograph of Netherbutton radar station. Visible are the main transmitting and receiving blocks with their aerials. Several 'Z' batteries are also visible.
  • 81727 (4/7/1942)
    Scanned image of RAF WWII vertical aerial photograph of Netherbutton radar station. Visible are the main transmitting and receiving blocks with their aerials. Several 'Z' batteries are also visible.
  • 81727 (4/7/1942)
    Scanned image of RAF WWII vertical aerial photograph of Netherbutton radar station. Visible are the main transmitting and receiving blocks with their aerials. Several 'Z' batteries are also visible.

PRINTS AND DRAWINGS

  • 81727 (16/10/1996)
    Site plan of radar station.

PHOTOGRAPHS

  • 81727 (10/8/1996)
    Orkney, Netherbutton Radar Station - guardhouse at entrance gate with remains of perimeter fence.
  • 81727 (4/7/1942)
    RAF WWII vertical aerial photograph of Netherbutton radar station. Visible are the main transmitting and receiving blocks with their aerials. Several 'Z' batteries are also visible.
  • 81727 (4/7/1942)
    RAF WWII vertical air photograph of Netherbutton Radar Station from NW. Visible are the two sets of masts, generator buildings and possible 'Z' batteries.
  • 81727 (4/8/1997)
    Aerial view of Orkney, Netherbutton Radar Station, taken from the NE.
  • 81727 (4/8/1997)
    Aerial view of Orkney, Netherbutton Radar Station, taken from the E.
  • 81727 (4/8/1997)
    Oblique aerial view from ENE.
  • 81727 (4/8/1997)
    Oblique aerial view from E.

DIGITAL NON-IMAGE FILE

  • 81727 (20/7/2010)
    Chain Home Radar Station, Netherbutton, site plan: A. Transmitter (Tx) Block B. Sites of steel transmitter masts C. Receiver (Rx) Block D. Pedestal bases of wooden receiver masts E. Stand-by Set House F. Administration and Officers' Block G. Guard Hut

DIGITAL IMAGES

  • 1137534 (24/9/2008)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the remains of the radar station, taken from the NW.
  • 1137533 (24/9/2008)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the remains of the radar station, taken from the N.
  • 1137532 (24/9/2008)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the remains of the radar station, taken from the NE.

1st edition 6-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Orkney, Sheet CXIV1879

1st edition 25-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Orkney, Sheet 114.031879