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Bentpath, Westerkirk, Old Parish Church

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Record Detail

  • Organisation
    RCAHMS
  • Alternative name(s)
    WESTERKIRK, OLD GRAVEYARD
  • Canmore ID
    67816
  • Site type
    CHURCH
  • Parish
    WESTERKIRK
  • Council
    DUMFRIES-SHIRE
  • NGR
    NY 3127 9033
  • Latitude, longitude
    55.202426N, 3.08141W
  • Archeological notes
    NY39SW 18.01 3127 9033. (NY 3127 9033) Church (NR) (Site of) OS 6" map (1957) For present parish church (NY 3118 9031), see NY39SW 18.00. The present parish church of Westerkirk was built in 1888 (TSA 1962). Its predecessor, noted in the ONB as 'rebuilt in 1788' and extant in 1857, stood at the site indicated; (it was presumably demolished when the present church was built). A chapel of Westerkirk is mentioned in 1391 and 1459 (OSA 1794). TSA refers to church records dating back to 1693. OSA; Name Book 1857; TSA. The parish of Westerkirk was formerly known as Westerker. H Scott 1915-61. Westerkirk (Glasgow, Eskdale/Annandale) was granted to Melrose by John de Graham, lord of Westerkirk, and confirmed to the abbey by Robert I in 1321, this church with all its teinds was granted to the uses of the abbey in that same year by the chapter of Glasgow cathedral. The abbey already possessed teinds in Eskdalemuir granted to them by Robert Avenel, and confirmed to them by Herbert, bishop of Glasgow (1147-64) while in 1305 an agreement over the chapel of Watcarrick took place between the abbey and the parson of Westerkirk. This grant now consolidated these interests, it being conceded in a further confirmation by John, bishop of Glasgow, that the church might be served by a chaplain. Both parsonage and vicarage revenues thus accrued to the monastery, as they continued to do at the Reformation, although these were 'out of use of payment' at that period. I B Cowan 1967 No further information. No remains of the church exist. Visited by OS (MJF) 1 September 1979. (Westerkirk, Old Parish Church and Burial-ground). Nothing now remains of the medieval parish church of Westerkirk, mentioned in the early 14th century, or of a church which was built in 1788, both of which probably stood in the burial-ground 70m ENE of the modern parish church (built in 1888). RCAHMS 1980, visited August 1980. OSA 1794; R B Armstrong 1883; J and R Hyslop 1912; I B Cowan 1967. Nothing is visible of the old parish church of Westerkirk, although it probably occupied much the same site in the burial-ground as the Johnstone (Adam) Mausoleum (NY39SW 18.02). A dormer pediment and fragments of two 17th-century graveslabs have been built into the N wall of the burial-ground; within the burial-ground there are a number of 18th-century gravestones. Visited by RCAHMS (IMS), June 1993.
  • Architectural notes
    N/A

Related material information

DIGITAL IMAGES

  • 1252057 (3/8/2011)
    Oblique aerial view of Westerkirk Parish Church, taken from the SW.
  • 1252056 (3/8/2011)
    Oblique aerial view of Westerkirk Parish Church, taken from the W.
  • 1252055 (3/8/2011)
    Oblique aerial view of Westerkirk Parish Church, taken from the NW.
  • 1252054 (3/8/2011)
    Oblique aerial view of Westerkirk Parish Church, taken from the NNW.
  • 1252053 (3/8/2011)
    Oblique aerial view of Westerkirk Parish Church, taken from the ENE.

1st edition 25-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Dumfries, Sheet 036.091857