Sign in / register

White Cairn, Bargrennan

Downtime notice: Due to essential work on our servers all images supplied by NRS, including the digital volumes, will be unavailable from midnight on Friday 3 October until midnight on Sunday 5 October (GMT).

You may copy, display, store and make derivative works for personal use or use solely within an educational institution by staff and students, under these conditions: the ScotlandsPlaces website is attributed, there is no commercial use or sale, and no public distribution (for example, by hand, email, or web). Full licence details.

Record Detail

  • Organisation
    RCAHMS
  • Alternative name(s)
    GLENTROOL SCHOOL
  • Canmore ID
    62997
  • Site type
    CHAMBERED CAIRN, TOMB
  • Parish
    MINNIGAFF
  • Council
    KIRKCUDBRIGHTSHIRE
  • NGR
    NX 35243 78359
  • Latitude, longitude
    55.072271N, 4.581995W
  • Archeological notes
    NX37NE 1 35243 78359. (NX 3524 7836) White Cairn (NR). OS 6" map (1957) A heavily robbed chambered round cairn of the Bargrennan group excavated by Piggott and Powell in 1949 and now preserved within a Forestry Commission plantation. The excavations have been left open and the cairn, composed of large rounded boulders, is now partially overgrown with grass and bracken but it remains 4ft 6ins high near the centre and 2ft to 3ft high elsewhere with a diameter of about 45ft. There is no evidence of a kerb. There is no structural distinction between the passage and the chamber which has been entered from the SSE. Various scratches, some forming rectilinear designs which may be ancient were noted on the SW wall of the chamber. Finds from the excavation, including sherds and a flint fabricator, are the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland (NMAS) (Acc Nos EO 843-7). A S Henshall 1972; S Piggott and T G E Powell 1951 This chambered cairn measures 17.6m NE-SW by 15.3m and 1.4m high. It is otherwise as described. The scratch markings on the chamber wall have been obscured by graffitti. Surveyed at 1:10 000. Visited by OS (SFS) 1 April 1976 Two sherds and six fragments of probable neolithic pottery, found by Jane Murray at the White Cairn, were donated to the NMS; registration numbers EO 1141-4. Daybook no: DB 1990/8; NMS, 1992 NX 352 783 As part of the Archaeosights Project an interpretive panel was installed in the foreground of the entrance of White Cairn, Glentrool (NMRS NX 37 NE 1). The construction of a stone plinth on which the interpretive panel was to be fixed necessitated the excavation of an area 1m2. The excavation in April 1999 revealed the top face of a large element of blue whinstone, c 50 x 60cm, within the topsoil immediately beneath the turf. It is unclear whether this was the top face of a natural outcrop or a deliberately deposited slab. Four chip marks were evident on the top face of this large stone, defining a rough 30cm square. Also embedded in the topsoil were several smaller fragments of blue whinstone. While the parallel edges of the two largest stones appeared to align with the entrance of White Cairn, the shallow depth and limited area excavated inhibits any confident interpretation. No artefacts were recovered. Report lodged with the NMRS. Sponsors: Dumfries and Galloway Council, Dumfries and Galloway European Partnership, Landfill Tax. R Toolis 1999 NX 352 783 A trench was opened in August and September 2004 to the S of the cairn (NX37NE 1) which included the southern portion of the cairn and the passage. The passage had been examined by Piggott and Powell in 1949 (PSAS 83), who uncovered a series of paving slabs. These slabs were removed but no substantial pre-cairn activity was found. However, under the cairn, where examined, and around the edge of the cairn a lithic assemblage was found which contained some diagnostically Late Mesolithic pieces. To the W of the passage a cist was uncovered which contained a large Cordoned Urn and cremated bone. To the E of the cairn, at its lowest layer, another ceramic vessel was uncovered, but this remains in situ to be removed next year. Pot fragments were also found in an amorphous feature in the area outside the passage. Finally, the large cremation pit excavated by Piggott and Powell in 1949 was re-examined, recovering some cremated bone and charcoal left in situ. Archive to be deposited in the NMRS. Sponsors: British Academy, Society of Antiquaries of London, Prehistoric Society. V Cummings and C Fowler 2004 NX 352 7 83 Two trenches were opened in August and September 2005: one to the S of the cairn (NX37NE 1), encapsulating the passage and entrance, within the area of one opened in 2004 (DES 2004, 37). The second trench was T-shaped and at the rear of the monument, cutting through the cairn and its perimeter, exposing the area directly without the cairn. No significant remains were recovered from the rear trench, but one upright and one fallen kerbstone were located. In the southern, front trench, the urn located last year was recovered from a small pit. A series of kerbstones were also discovered around the original perimeter of the monument, which had all fallen forwards away from, and had become covered by, the collapsed cairn. Archive to be deposited in NMRS. Sponsors: British Academy, University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, University of Central Lancashire. V Cummings, C Fowler 2005
  • Architectural notes
    N/A

Related material information

SCANNED IMAGES

  • 335902 ()
    Excavation photographs - paving in chamber and passage, from the north-west.
  • 335901 ()
    Excavation photograph - passage and chamber from the south-east.

PHOTOGRAPHS

  • 62997 (1949)
    Excavation photographs S Piggott, T.G.E. Powell
  • 62997 (1949)
    Excavation photographs - paving in chamber and passage, from the north-west.
  • 62997 (1949)
    Excavation photographs - various scratches on the second stone of the south-west wall from the rear of the chamber.
  • 62997 (1949)
    Excavation photograph - passage and chamber from the south-east.
  • 62997 (1949)
    Excavation photographs S Piggott, T.G.E. Powell
  • 62997 (1949)
    Excavation photographs S Piggott, T.G.E. Powell
  • 62997 (1949)
    Excavation photographs S Piggott, T.G.E. Powell

1st edition 6-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Kirkcudbrightshire, Sheet 211849-50
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Wigtownshire, Sheet 31846