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Glasgow, Castlemilk House

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Record Detail

  • Organisation
    RCAHMS
  • Alternative name(s)
    CASTLE MILK
  • Canmore ID
    44894
  • Site type
    HOUSE, TOWER HOUSE
  • Parish
    CARMUNNOCK (CITY OF GLASGOW)
  • Council
    LANARKSHIRE
  • NGR
    NS 60935 59530
  • Latitude, longitude
    55.808959N, 4.220532W
  • Archeological notes
    NS65NW 1.00 60935 59530 (NS 6093 5953) Castlemilk House (NAT) and remains of Tower (NR) OS 6" map, (1957). NS65NW 1.01 60936 59437 Bridge NS65NW 1.02 6088 5933 Laundry Cottage NS65NW 1.03 60862 59417 Stables NS65NW 1.04 6135 5996 North Lodge NS65NW 1.05 6086 5934 Cottage NS65NW 1.06 6093 5953 Lake, Landing NS65NW 1.07 cancelled NS66SW 902 61312 60171 Gate Piers Castlemilk, formerly a mansion house of a branch of the Stewart family, is now used for institutional purposes. Its nucleus is a massive tower dating probably from the late 15th century. The thick, roughcast walls rise from a basement course three main storeys to a parapet, with a modernised garret above. Windows have been enlarged, and a high arched doorway inserted in the W wall (See Tranter 1962-70). N Tranter 19662-70. Castlemilk House (Information from Matron, Children's Home) is generally as described. The remaining external features are modern, but portions within date from the 17th century. The building is in use as a Children's Home run by Glasgow Corporation. Visited by OS (J L D) 31 March 1954. This building has been demolished. Information in letter from T C Welsh to OS 14 September 1973. A small trial excavation was undertaken to investigate the remains of the tower house and to look for a barmkin or any courtyard structures in the surrounding area in advance of the redevelopment of the site into an adventure playground. The depth of the trenches was limited by the architects requirements for the project. The excavation was carried out by Archaeology Projects Glasgow in close collaboration with the Castlemilk Local History Group. Castlemeilk House dates to the 15th century when it was built as a tower house for the Stewart family. During the 18th and 19th centuries the house was extensively rebuilt and renovated and became a large manor house with landscaped grounds and gardens. It was in this final state that the house was bought by Glasgow City Council in 1936. It was then used as a children's home until the early 1960's, after which it fell into disrepair. The main house was then demolished in 1969 leaving the centre stump of the tower house which still survives today. The initial trench situated outside the south-west corner of the tower failed to uncover any material associated with the earlier phase of the house. It appears that this whole area was severely truncated when the main house was demolished in 1969. A second small trench excavated round the north-west corner uncovered the wall of the 1851 extension but the presence here of a sub-basement rendered further investigation unnecessary within the terms of the remit. Two small trial trenches were then excavated in the interior of the toweer. These showed that any occupation levels had been bulldozed and that the surviving ground level is in fact the bottom of the original foundations. These were later strengthened after the demolition of the main tower house by a concrete apron which two sides of the tower. A further two trial trenches were excavated to the west of the tower beside the existing asphalt playground. Both of these picked up a defensive ditch, as might be expected given that the eastern approach is the least naturally defended. In the southernmost trench the ditch appears to curve round to the east. Due to lack of time and for safety reasons the ditch was not bottomed but would appear to be excess of 2.00m deep. In the northern trench the ditch had been filled with midden material which produced pottery, bone, bottle glass and a clay pipe bowl that would date the deposit to the 18th century if not earlier. A mortared stone stone structure with a dressed stone face was also uncovered running EW across the line of the ditch and has been interpreted as a possible bridge. The southern trial trench which has the ditch turning to the east, also contained a stone built drain and a possible stone wall. These features run parallel to one another and do not respect the line of the ditch. While their function remains unclear they do confirm that activity was taking place beyond the ditch in the area currently occupied by the children's playground and that any buildings in this area were demolished in or by 1851 when the house was extensively remodelled and this area landscaped. Two more trial trenches were excavated but only uncovered re-deposited natural and were abandoned at a depth of 1.20m. Sponsor: Glasgow City Council R Will 1991. NS 609 596 The survey area comprised the portion of the undeveloped grounds of the former Castlemilk House, including the remains of Castlemilk Tower and a possible motte. A desk-based study and field survey traced the development of the designed landscape, identifying and describing the surviving elements, and relating them to their historical context. A surprising number of minor elements have survived, including bridges, paths and drives, dams and plantations, enabling the landscape phases to be reconstructed. The survey findings were also placed within the context of the archaeology of the immediate area. Sponsor: City of Glasgow Council Parks & Recreation. D Topen 1997
  • Architectural notes
    NMRS REFERENCE: 'Glasgow Country Houses' - text and photograph - missing at time of upgrade, 28.6.2000 Newliston House. James Stevenson n.d - watercolour of house - location uncertain at time of upgrade, 28.6.2000 Demolished between 1965 and 1974

Related material information

MANUSCRIPTS

  • 44894 (1992)
    Report (GUARD 52) on an archaeological assessment by trial excavations at the 15th century tower house of Castlemilk, conducted for Glasgow District Council.

PRINT ROOM

  • 44894 ()
    Engraving of Castlemilk House on a rise above river.
  • 44894 (1909)
    Postcard. General view.

PHOTOGRAPHS

  • 44894 (6/1963)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. General view.
  • 44894 (5/1963)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. General view obscured by trees.
  • 44894 (5/1963)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. General view obscured by trees.
  • 44894 (5/1963)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. General view from lake.
  • 44894 (5/1963)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. General view from lake.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House, interior. View of balustrade and dome on second floor.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House, interior. View of vaulted entrance hall and internal doorway.
  • 44894 (9/1962)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. General view.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. View of North-East angle.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. Detail of North wall of stair tower.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. View of North wall of stair tower and armoury.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. View of North wall of stair tower from West.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. General view of complex from South.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. General view of complex from South-West.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. General view of Tower House from West.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. General view of Tower House from South.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. Detail of upper storeys and parapet of Tower House from North-West.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. Detail of upper storeys and parapet of Tower House from South-East.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. General view from South-East across lake.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. General view of complex and bridge from South-East.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. View from East of house in derelict state.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. View from South of East facade in derelict state.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. View from East of house in derelict state with lake in foreground.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. View of main entrance of Tower House.
  • 44894 ()
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. General view of house from drive.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House, Fragment of painted ceiling. View of fragment of painted ceiling from first floor, South-West apartment, South block.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House, Fragment of painted ceiling. View of fragment of painted ceiling from first floor, South-West apartment, South block.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House, Fragment of painted ceiling. View of fragment of painted ceiling from first floor, South-West apartment, South block.
  • 44894 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. Record Sheet.

SCANNED IMAGES

  • 973735 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House, interior. View of balustrade and dome on second floor.
  • 973734 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House. View from East of house in derelict state with lake in foreground.
  • 973733 (1969)
    Glasgow, Castlemilk House, Fragment of painted ceiling. View of fragment of painted ceiling from first floor, South-West apartment, South block.

1st edition 6-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Renfrewshire, Sheet XIII1858
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Lanarkshire, Sheet X1859

1st edition 25-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Renfrew, Sheet 013.151858