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Glasgow, Gordon Street, Central Station

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Record Detail

  • Organisation
    RCAHMS
  • Alternative name(s)
    GORDON STREET STATION; GLASGOW CENTRAL STATION; HOPE STREET; UNION STREET
  • Canmore ID
    44144
  • Site type
    RAILWAY STATION
  • Parish
    GLASGOW (CITY OF GLASGOW)
  • Council
    LANARKSHIRE
  • NGR
    NS 58755 65167
  • Latitude, longitude
    55.858935N, 4.258219W
  • Archeological notes
    NS56NE 77.00 58755 65167 NS56NE 77.01 NS 58727 65253 Central Hotel NS56NE 77.02 NS 58812 65265 Caledonian Chambers NS56NE 77.03 NS 5876 6530 Low Level Station NS56NE 77.04 Cancelled: see NS56SE 2183. For (superseded) signal box (situated at NS 58682 64783, on W approach viaduct), see NS56SE 2183. For approach viaducts (across River Clyde), see NS56SE 140.00. For predecessor Bridge Street station (to S of the river), see NS56SE 467.00. For associated Salkeld St Signalling Centre, see NS56SE 127. Extends onto map sheet NS56SE. Central Station [NAT] OS 1:1250 map, 1967 [map sheet NS5864NE]. Central Station (Terminus) [NAT] OS 1:1250 map, 1967 [map sheet NS5865SE]. EXTERNAL REFERENCE: Architect: John Clayton EXTERNAL REFERENCE: Plans: RIBA Drawings Collection John Clayton Perspective and longitudinal scetion EXTERNAL REFERENCE: British Rail Estates Department, Glasgow Engineer's office (C20th) Plans and sections of Argyle Street Bridge NMRS REFERENCE: NMRS Library - RIAS NELSON COLLECTION GRAHAMSTON Lithograph views showing Grahamston and the North side of Argyle Street. Insc: 'Graham, in 1793. North side of Argyle Street in 1793 between Union Street and Queen Street. Allan & Ferguson Lith. u.s. d.'1793' (215x281) Acc. no:1993/89. Refurbished by Glass Murray Architects, 1998. Winner of a high commendation in the Regeneration of Scotland Awards. (Undated) information in NMRS. Built for the Caledonian Rly. The first part was completed in June 1879 and opened 1 August 1879. The station was extended to give thirteen platforms in 1899-1905 to designs by J Miller, architect, and Donald Mathieson, engineer. The steelwork was executed by the Motherwell Bridge and Engineering Co. The roof is carried partly on flat roof trusses (older part) and partly on elliptical arched girders supported by riveted steel columns and on the Hope St side by a masonry wall pierced with six large arched windows, and surmounted by a corbelled cornice and balustrade. Of the original internal fittings of the station little survives, though the splendid train indicator is probably the best in Britain. The station hotel (NS56NE 77.01), a five- and six- storey and attic building in French renaissance style with a massive corner tower, was designed by RR Anderson, Edinburgh, and completed in 1883. A 16 bay extension in Hope St was built 1905-7 by J Miller, architect. The massive seven storey by 12 bay office block (NS56NE 77.02) in Union St was added in 1901 by J Miller, architect, at a cost of £40,000. Below the main station is the underground Low Level Station (NS56NE 77.03) opened in August 1896. Closed on 5 October 1964; although the track is now lifted, the platforms and stairs still survive. J Hume 1974. (Location cited as NS 587 652). Central Station: Union, Gordon and Hope Streets, built 1879-1905 for the Caledonian Rly. The roof is of the ridge type, carried on flat trusses (1879 part) and on elliptically arched trusses (1899-1905 part). The 5- and 6-storey station hotel was designed by Rowand Anderson, an Edinburgh architect, and the stonework of the extension was by James Miller. The station is supported by an undercroft which hoses parcels and mail offices, shops and stores. There is a low-level station (1896), closed in 1964. J R Hume 1976. Built for the Caledonian Railway and opened in 1879: extended to thirteen platforms in 1899-1906 by Donald A Matheson. Part of the steel work was erected by the Motherwell Bridge and Engineering Co. Until modernisation in the 1980's, the concourse was one of the most atmospheric in Britain, with a massive timber indicator board and matching ticket offices, waiting rooms and restaurant, all laid out in generous curves by Mathieson in 1899-1905. The Low Level station, opened in 1896 for the Glasgow Central Railway, is now part of the Argyle Line. E Williamson, A Riches and M Higgs 1990. Glasgow Central Station was opened by the Caledonian Rly. on 1 August 1879. R V J Butt 1995. Parliamentary permission was obtained under the Caledonian Railway (Gordon Street, Glasgow, Station) Act 1873 (modified in 1875) to build a station on the N side of the river. The Clyde was bridged between 1876 and 1878, and the first Caley Central Station (Gordon Street station) built by Watt and Wilson, was opened in December 1879. In 1878, Watt and Wilson began construction work on the building (originally intended as offices for the company) designed by Sor Robert Rowand Anderson that became the 400-room Central Station Hotel. Completed in 1883, it opened in 1885, after the installation of electric lighting. The building of the station was costly: two lines led Central-bound trains, including those from London, though the N end of Bridge Street station (NS56SE 476.00), over four tracks across the Clyde (the Clyde Trustees had imposed a width limitation) to eight short, narrow platforms in the new station, erected on arches over the surrounding ground and constrained between Gordon Street and Argyle Street. By 1880, Central handled 173 trains daily, and 4,750,000 people per annum. The Caley soon discovered its new terminus was too cramped, and lack of sidings meant that one of the lines across the bridge had to be used for parking carriages. A J C Clark 2001. This station is apparently the largest in Britain outside London. It remains in regular use by passenger traffic, both as the northern terminus of the West Coast Main Line (to London, Euston) and for Glasgow suburban services. It has been completely electrified (25kv ac overhead) since 1974. The location assigned to this record defines the centre of the train shed. Informnation from RCAHMS (RJCM), 19 December 2005.
  • Architectural notes
    N/A

Related material information

PHOTOGRAPHS

  • 44144 (10/1974)
    Oblique aerial view of Central Station, Glasgow, taken from the S
  • 44144 (1920)
    Central Station, interior General view of concourse
  • 44144 (1988)
    Oblique aerial view.
  • 44144 (1988)
  • 44144 (1988)
    Glasgow, Central Station. General oblique aerial view.
  • 44144 (1988)
    Glasgow, Central Station. General oblique aerial view.
  • 44144 (1988)
    Glasgow, Central Station. General oblique aerial view.
  • 44144 (1947)
    Glasgow, Cathcart Station.
  • 44144 ()
    Concourse area, showing departure board. Coloured postcard.
  • 44144 ()
    Glasgow, Central Station. General view of platforms nos.11, 12 and 13. c.1901-6.
  • 44144 ()
    Central Station View of station at platform Titled: 'Two diesel-hydraulic locomotives, built in Scotland for the Mauritius Government Railways, at Glasgow Central Station on a test train from Grlasgow in Lanark in November'
  • 44144 ()
    Central Station view of locomotive
  • 44144 (1948)
    Glasgow, Central Station. locomotive view.
  • 44144 (1958)
    Glasgow, Central Station. W extension.
  • 44144 (1962)
    Glasgow, Central Station. Concourse.
  • 44144 (1958)
    Glasgow, Central Station. Concourse.
  • 44144 (1958)
    Glasgow, Central Station. Platform 11 extension of 1930's.
  • 44144 (1962)
    Glasgow, Central Station. W side.
  • 44144 (1962)
    Glasgow, Central Station. 13180W side.
  • 44144 (1962)
    Glasgow, Central Station. Concourse.
  • 44144 ()
    Glasgow, Central Station. Low level platform, S side.
  • 44144 (1952)
    Low level platform
  • 44144 (1952)
    Low level platform.
  • 44144 (1962)
    Low level platforms.
  • 44144 ()
    Postcard, showing approaches S of River Clyde.
  • 44144 ()
    Central Station View of locomotive
  • 44144 ()
    Glasgow, Central Station. Approaches to station looking S.
  • 44144 ()
    Glasgow, central station. Approach, looking N, showing signal gantry.
  • 44144 ()
    Glasgow, Central Station. View of ends of platform with steam train
  • 44144 (1946)
    Glasgow, Central Station. View of platforms
  • 44144 ()
    Glasgow, Central Station. view of platforms
  • 44144 (1962)
    Glasgow, Central Station. E side platforms.
  • 44144 (1962)
    Glasgow, Central Station. W side platforms.
  • 44144 (1946)
    Central Station View of locomotive
  • 44144 (1930)
    A Clyde coast train.
  • 44144 ()
    Central Station View of locomotive
  • 44144 ()
    Glasgow, Central Station. General view of interior.
  • 44144 (1904)
    Glasgow, Central Station. Extension of 1904.
  • 44144 ()
    Glasgow, Central Station. West side platforms c.1901-6.
  • 44144 (1900)
    Photographic copy of perspective sketch, signed (difficult to read).
  • 44144 (31/10/1986)
    Glasgow, Gordon Street, Central Station, interior. View of concourse.
  • 44144 (31/10/1986)
    Glasgow, Gordon Street, Central Station, interior. View of concourse.
  • 44144 (31/10/1986)
    Glasgow, Gordon Street, Central Station, interior. View of station at platform.
  • 44144 (31/10/1986)
    Glasgow, Gordon Street, Central Station, interior. View of passenger set-down area.
  • 44144 ()
    Central Station Record sheet
  • 44144 ()
    Central Station Printed view of entrance arch to 'Royal Scot' departure platform Titled: 'Entrance arch to "Royal Scot" departure platform at Glasgow Central
  • 44144 (25/7/1960)
    RAF post-war oblique air photograph taken in 1960 of Glasgow, central area from the SW, with Central, St Enoch and Queen Street railways stations visible.
  • 44144 (1985)
    Platforms 11 & 12, canopy from N.
  • 44144 (1985)
    Canopy from N over platforms 9 and 10.
  • 44144 (1985)
    General view from SE of platform 9.
  • 44144 (1985)
    General view from NE of S end of platforms 11 & 12.
  • 44144 (1985)
    General view from S of platforms 11 & 12.
  • 44144 (1985)
    General view from E of S ends of platforms 9 to 13.
  • 44144 (1985)
    general view from E of S ends of platforms 9 to 13.
  • 44144 (1985)
    General view from S of platforms 11 to 13.
  • 44144 (1985)
    Detail of canopy ovewr platform 9.
  • 44144 (1985)
    General view from S of platforms 1 to 9.
  • 44144 (1985)
    General view from S end of platform 2 of platfroms 1 to 9.
  • 44144 (1985)
    General view from NE on platform 2.
  • 44144 (1985)
    View from S of platforms 1 to 7.
  • 44144 (1985)
    General view of platform canopy from NE over platforms 9 to 13.
  • 44144 (1985)
    N facade, view of canopy from NW on Gordon Street.
  • 44144 (1985)
    General view from NE of facade.
  • 44144 (1985)
    General view of platforms 10 to 13 from S.
  • 44144 (1985)
    View of central canopy roof support over platforms 11 & 12.
  • 44144 (1985)
    Central canopy over platforms 11 & 12 from N.
  • 44144 (1985)
    View of canopy from S, on platform 11.
  • 44144 (1985)
    View of central canopy from N on platforms 9 & 10.
  • 44144 (1985)
    Platforms 9 to 13 canopy, view from SE on platorm 2.
  • 44144 (1985)
    Platforms 9 to 13, canopy, view from NE.
  • 44144 (1985)
    Platforms 9 & 10, canopy from N.
  • 44144 (1985)
    View of concourse from NW.
  • 44144 (1985)
    Detail of kiosk.
  • 44144 (1985)
    View of concourse from E.
  • 44144 (1985)
    Detail of kiosk.
  • 44144 (1985)
    View of concourse from N.
  • 44144 (1987)
    View from SE of bothy on platform 13.
  • 44144 (1987)
    View from S of bothy on platform 13.
  • 44144 (1987)
    View from E of bothy on platform 13.
  • 44144 (1987)
    View from S of bothy on platform 13.
  • 44144 (1987)
    View from SE of bothy on platform 13.
  • 44144 (1987)
    View from S of Hope Street facade.
  • 44144 (1987)
    View from W of Argyll Street bridge (Heilen Man's umbrella)
  • 44144 (1987)
    View from SW of Argyll Street bridge (Heilen Man's umbrella)
  • 44144 ()
    Entrance arch to 'Royal Scot' departure platform. Copied 1980

SCANNED IMAGES

  • 367263 (1920)
    View of concourse at Central Station, Glasgow.
  • 796378 (1986)
    View from S showing Ayr and Clyde Coast trains at platforms
  • 790662 (1979)
    Interior View showing train indicator
  • 790661 (1979)
    Interior View showing 1906 station extension
  • 733554 (14/7/1970)
    Interior View showing control office
  • 733553 (14/7/1970)
    Interior View showing control office
  • 733552 (14/7/1970)
    Interior View showing roof support girders
  • 733551 (14/7/1970)
    Interior View showing roof construction
  • 733550 (14/7/1970)
    View from SSW showing Hope Street front (WNW front)
  • 685739 (24/7/1968)
    View from N showing Hope Street front (WNW front)
  • 669225 (1966)
    Interior View showing locomotive
  • 662368 (1965)
    View showing steam train at station
  • 662367 (1965)
    View showing steam train at station
  • 662366 (1965)
    View showing steam train at station
  • 662365 (1965)
    View showing steam train at station
  • 646190 (1965)
    Interior View showing trains
  • 645941 (1965)
    View from WSW showing steam train at Central Station with Gardner's Warehouse in background
  • 634671 (24/10/1964)
    Glasgow, Gordon Street, Central Station, Interior View showing steam train (number 60522) from Lanark
  • 573276 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 573275 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 573274 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 573273 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 573272 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 573271 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 573270 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 573269 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 573268 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 573267 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 573266 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 573265 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 573264 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 573263 (1980)
    Glasgow, Central Station General view of train at Central Station
  • 1315618 (7/6/1937)
    Glasgow, general view, showing George Square and Central and St Enoch Stations. Oblique aerial photograph taken facing west. This image has been produced from a print.
  • 1315586 (8/1935)
    Glasgow, general view, showing Central Station and Queen Street Station. Oblique aerial photograph taken facing north-east. This image has been produced from a print.
  • 1315411 (29/5/1929)
    Glasgow, general view, showing St Enoch Station and Argyle Street, Glasgow. Oblique aerial photograph taken facing north-west. This image has been produced from a marked print.
  • 1246251 (6/10/1927)
    Glasgow, general view, showing Central and Queen Street Stations. Oblique aerial photograph taken facing north-east.
  • 411502 (28/3/1948)
    Scanned image of vertical aerial photograph centred on St Enoch station.
  • 684247 (1988)
    Oblique aerial view.
  • 1093075 (1962)
    Low level platforms.
  • 44144 ()
    Interior view.
  • 44144 ()
    Interior view.
  • 370938 ()
    Central Station View of locomotive

MANUSCRIPTS

  • 44144 (14/7/1970)
    John R Hume Industrial/CBA cards Filed under Glasgow, Goedon Street. Prints and notes attached (see NMRS MS/749 entry for Collection description).

DIGITAL IMAGES

  • 1038871 (31/5/2006)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the shopping centre with the station adjacent, taken from the E.
  • 1024536 (22/7/2005)
    Oblique aerial view of the shopping centre and the station, taken from the SSE.

PRINTS AND DRAWINGS

  • 44144 (1879)
    Ground floor plan of station and plans of hotel.

1st edition 6-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Lanarkshire, Sheet VI1858

1st edition 25-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Lanark, Sheet 006.101858
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Lanark, Sheet 006.101858
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Lanark, Sheet 006.101858