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Nether Largie North

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Record Detail

  • Organisation
    RCAHMS
  • Alternative name(s)
    N/A
  • Canmore ID
    39482
  • Site type
    CAIRN
  • Parish
    KILMARTIN
  • Council
    ARGYLL
  • NGR
    NR 83090 98470
  • Latitude, longitude
    56.129511N, 5.491894W
  • Archeological notes
    NR89NW 4 8309 9847. (NR 8309 9847) Cairn (NR) OS 6" map, Argyllshire, 2nd ed., (1900) The New Statistical Account notes 'urns' found in cairns in the Kilmartin Valley. NSA 1845 The North Cairn, Nether Largie, was excavated by Craw in 1930. The cairn, which measured 71' x 67' x 8'9", covered a platform 46' x 44' enclosed by a bank 8' wide x 2' high externally, 1' above the platform, with an interval at the SE. The central cist, 5'2" x 2'5" x 1'10" contained ochre, charcoal, and a molar, with dark soil. There was also an oval grave containing dark soil, charcoal and an ox tooth. An upright stone under the cairn, now hidden, had two incised ovals on its W face. The N end-slab of the cist was sculptured with two flat axes, while the cover stone, a massive slab, 6'7" x 3'5" x 9" bore cup marks and axe carving. The stones removed by the excavators were built into a protective wall round the cairn. J H Craw 1930; M Campbell and M Sandeman 1964 Generally as described. The cairn is enclosed by a railed fence and measures 20.0m in diameter. The cover stone of the cist bears 41 cup marks. Resurveyed at 1:2500. Visited by OS (IA) 26 April 1973 Nether Largie - North Cairn (DoE nameplate) is 2.6m high and is generally as described. A concrete inspection chamber has been built around the central cist, and the cairn has been rebuilt around this. Surveyed at 1/2500. Visited by OS (TRG) 15 February 1977 This cairn is situated 150m NNE of cairn NR89NW 5 and 500m SSW of the cairn on Kilmartin glebe (NR89NW 9); during excavations in 1930 it was entirely removed, and its present appearance is thus the result of subsequent reinstatement. The following description is largely based on the published account (Craw 1930; Campbell and Sandeman 1964). This cairn measured 21.6m from N to S by 20m transversely and 2.7m in height; there were no kerbstones, but Craw states that the central area of the cairn (14m by 13.4m) was enclosed within a bank of stones some 2.4 m thick and standing 0.6m high externally and 0.3m internally. A little to the N of the centre there was a massive cist aligned N and S and set into a pit dug into the natural gravel, with the top of the cover slab about 150mm below ground level. The underside of the capstone, which measures 2m by 1.07m and up to 0.35m in thickness, is decorated with about forty cupmarks and at least ten axeheads. The cist had been additionally protected by eighteen flat slabs which lay on top of the capstone, two overlapping the edge of the cover stone at the ends of the cist and the others arranged along the edges and across the top. The cist, which measures 1.6m by 0.65m and 0.6m in depth, contained soil, in which were found a human molar tooth, a little ochre, and a few fragments of charcoal. The inner face of the N end-slab was decorated with two large axeheads, their edges to the top. To the S of the central cist an arrangement of slabs suggested that there might have been a further burial, but none was found; at either end of the setting, however, there were two upright slabs, one of which, at the E end, was decorated with two pecked circles each about 180mm in diameter. This slab is now in the Royal Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh. A second grave was found 3.3m NE of the central cist; here an oval pit dug into the natural gravel measured 1.5m by 0.7m and 0.8m in depth and contained an ox molar and fragments of charcoal. RCAHMS 1988, visited May 1982.
  • Architectural notes
    N/A

Related material information

SCANNED IMAGES

  • 1340330 ()
    General view of cairn
  • 1340314 ()
    Drawing of cup and ring marked stone.
  • 1340192 (1955)
    Detail of decorated capstone.
  • 1340185 (5/1954)
    Ministry of Works plan.
  • 414509 ()
    Plan of cairn ink 1:100 RCAHMS
  • 414497 ()
    Drawing of cist cover ink 1:10 RCAHMS
  • 414480 ()
    Drawing of cist slab ink 1:10 RCAHMS
  • 375299 ()
    RCAHMS
  • 375293 ()
    RCAHMS
  • 375282 ()
    Decorated Slab RCAHMS
  • 375281 ()
    Decorated Capstone RCAHMS
  • 335896 ()
    View of capstone from cist.
  • 335895 ()
    View of cairn from the north-west.
  • 1201844 (22/11/2001)
    General oblique view of the valley showing the remains of the standing stones and cairns at Kilmartin, and the school and farmstead, taken from the SE.

PRINTS AND DRAWINGS

  • 39482 (1954)
    Plan Survey SDD
  • 39482 (1954)
    Plan Survey SDD
  • 39482 ()
    Plan, Decorated Side Slab SDD
  • 39482 ()
    Plan, Decorated End Slab SDD
  • 39482 (1981)
    Plan of cairn pencil 1:100 RCAHMS Plan and section of cist pencil 1:20
  • 39482 (1954)
    Plan, ink, 1":4' MOW-AMB

PHOTOGRAPHS

  • 39482 ()
    General view of cairn
  • 39482 ()
    Drawing of cup and ring marked stone.
  • 39482 (1955)
    Detail of decorated capstone.
  • 39482 (5/1954)
    Ministry of Works plan.
  • 39482 ()
    Copy of drawing showing the archaeology of the land.
  • 39482 (1928)
    PSAS vol.65, p.274, fig.6. Slab incised with two circles.
  • 39482 (1986)
    Drawing of cist cover ink 1:10 RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1986)
    Drawing of cist slab ink 1:10 RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1981)
    Plan of cairn ink 1:100 RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1978)
  • 39482 (1954)
    Mrs O'Neil
  • 39482 ()
    General view J N G Ritchie
  • 39482 ()
    General view J N G Ritchie
  • 39482 ()
    General view J N G Ritchie
  • 39482 ()
    Photograph of drawing of capstone with cup marks and axe carvings
  • 39482 (1954)
    Photograph of drawing of flat axes
  • 39482 (1986)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    View of capstone from cist.
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    View of cairn from the north-west.
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1985)
    GUA/148 S. Driscoll
  • 39482 (1985)
    GUA/148 S Driscoll
  • 39482 (1986)
    Decorated Slab RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1986)
    Decorated Capstone RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1984)
    RCAHMS
  • 39482 (1985)
    GUA/136,135,137 S. Driscoll
  • 39482 (1985)
    GUA/136,135,137 S. Driscoll
  • 39482 (1985)
    GUA/136,135,137 S. Driscoll
  • 39482 (1984)
    J N G Ritchie Field notebook for Argyll VIII.
  • 39482 (1973)
  • 39482 (1930)
    Cup marked stone; unidentified stone circle.
  • 39482 (1930)
    Detail of " axehead" carving.
  • 39482 (1930)
    Detail of carving on end slab of cist.
  • 39482 (1930)
    Distant view of cairn.
  • 39482 (1930)
    Detail of axe head markings in cist.
  • 39482 (1930)
    View of north cairn.
  • 39482 (1930)
    Detail of excavation - wall round cairn.
  • 39482 (1930)
    View of decorated end slab.
  • 39482 (1930)
    Detail of cup markings.
  • 39482 (1930)
    Detail of cist cover, Nether Largie cairn.
  • 39482 (1921)
    Oblique aerial view
  • 39482 (1921)
    Oblique aerial view
  • 39482 (1970)
    Oblique aerial view
  • 39482 (22/11/2001)
    General oblique view of the valley showing the remains of the standing stones and cairns at Kilmartin, and the school and farmstead, taken from the SE.
  • 39482 (22/11/2001)
    General oblique view of the valley showing the remains of the standing stones and cairns, and the school and farmstead, taken from the SE.
  • 39482 (22/11/2001)
    General oblique view of the valley showing the remains of the standing stones and cairns, and the school and farmstead, taken from the SSW.
  • 39482 (22/11/2001)
    General oblique view of the valley showing the remains of the standing stones and cairns, and the school and farmstead, taken from the SW.
  • 39482 (22/11/2001)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the farmstead and school, with the remains of the cairns adjacent, taken from the SSW.
  • 39482 (1984)
  • 39482 (1984)
  • 39482 (1977)
    Oblique aerial view of N End of Nether Largie cairns.

DIGITAL IMAGES

  • 1045873 (27/6/2006)
    General oblique aerial view of the Kilmartin valley centred on the remains of the chambered cairn, standing stones, stone setting and cairns and the farmstead and school, taken from the SSW.
  • 1045844 (27/6/2006)
    General oblique aerial view of the Kilmartin valley centred on the remains of the chambered cairn, standing stones, stone setting and cairns and the farmstead and school, taken from the S.
  • 1045843 (27/6/2006)
    General oblique aerial view of the Kilmartin valley centred on the remains of the chambered cairn, standing stones, stone setting and cairns and the farmstead and school, taken from the S.
  • 1045842 (27/6/2006)
    General oblique aerial view of the Kilmartin valley centred on the remains of the chambered cairn, standing stones, stone setting and cairns and the farmstead and school, taken from the S.
  • 1045835 (27/6/2006)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the remains of the cairns, taken from the SSE.
  • 1045834 (27/6/2006)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the remains of the cairns, taken from the SW.
  • 1045832 (27/6/2006)
    General oblique aerial view centred on the gravel quarry and the site of the excavation of the pit-defined enclosure with the church, churchyard, burial-ground, museum and remains of the cairns adjacent, taken from the NNE.
  • 1045829 (27/6/2006)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the church, churchyard, burial-ground and museum with the remains of the cairns adjacent, taken from the N.
  • 1045828 (27/6/2006)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the church, churchyard, burial-ground and museum with the remains of the cairns adjacent, taken from the NE.
  • 1045827 (27/6/2006)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the church, churchyard, burial-ground and museum with the remains of the cairns adjacent, taken from the NE.

1st edition 6-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Argyllshire, Sheet CXLIX1865

1st edition 25-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Argyll and Bute, Sheet 149.071865