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Crathie, Girder Bridge

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Record Detail

  • Organisation
    RCAHMS
  • Alternative name(s)
    RIVER DEE; BALMORAL, DEE BRIDGE; BALMORAL CASTLE APPROACH; BALMORAL BRIDGE; BALMORAL CASTLE POLICIES; CRATHIE, PLATE GIRDER BRIDGE; BALMORAL ESTATES
  • Canmore ID
    31156
  • Site type
    ROAD BRIDGE
  • Parish
    CRATHIE AND BRAEMAR
  • Council
    ABERDEENSHIRE
  • NGR
    NO 26210 94923
  • Latitude, longitude
    57.039465N, 3.217611W
  • Archeological notes
    NO29SE 10 26210 94923 Not to be confused with (predecessor) Crathie Suspension Bridge (NO 26599 94252), for which see NO29SE 8. For Balmoral Castle (NO 2550 9495) and related monuments, see NO29NE 15.00. For adjacent (to SW) war memorial, see NO29SE 55. (Location cited as NO 262 941 and name as Bridge, Crathie). Built 1856 by A Brotherhood, Chippenham, and aseembled on site 1857-8, engineer Isambard K Brunel. A single-span, wrought-iron, plate-girder bridge, slightly cambered on the approach road to Balmoral Castle. Possibly the earliest wrought-iron-girder bridge in Scotland. J R Hume 1977. (Name cited as Balmoral Bridge). This bridge is a wrought iron plate girder construction, probably the earliest in Scotland. The span of the two riveted girders is 129ft [39.3m], and the road (tarmac and pine planking) is 13ft [3.96m] wide. The girders are pierced with a simple diamond pattern in which rivets and plates are used effectively as part of the design. The granite abutments are set on rocks. Their footing caused problems and led to some of the delay. They are rustic ashlar for the most part with smooth dressed rectangular tops and parapet. The splayed approach wall has a most satisfying curved top. It has been suggested that the only other such bridge designed by Brunel was for the Bengal Rly. G Nelson 1990. (Name cited as Crathie Girder Bridge). This bridge was commissioned by Prince Albert and 'built like a battleship' by I K Brunel. J Geddes 2001. This bridge carries the A973 public road across the River Dee to the E of the Gate Lodge (NO29SE 27) and to the ESE of Bridge Lodge (NO29SE 28). It thus gives access to Balmoral Castle (NO29NE 15.00) through the policies to the E. The Balmoral estate war memorial (NO29SE 55) is situated immediately to the SW. This bridge is depicted (but not noted) on the 1972 edition of the OS 1:10,000 map. Information from RCAHMS (RJCM), 4 January 2006.
  • Architectural notes
    NO29SE 10 2620 9492 NMRS REFERENCE Engineer: I.K.Brunel 1854-1856

Related material information

SCANNED IMAGES

  • 443677 (1974)
    Balmoral, Girder Bridge View from riverbank
  • 1315174 (26/4/1949)
    Warriston School Holmpark, Ballplay Road, Moffat. Oblique aerial photograph taken facing east. This image has been produced from a crop marked print.
  • 1269009 (25/4/1949)
    River Dee, general view, showing Balmoral Castle and Craig Gowan, Balmoral Estate. Oblique aerial photograph taken facing east.
  • 1255864 (18/6/2001)
    Detail of manufacturers name plate (R. Brotherhood, Chippenham, Wilts. 1856)
  • 944784 (1982)
    View from South East.
  • 769039 (18/6/2001)
    View from south east
  • 769038 (18/6/2001)
    View looking along deck of bridge from north east
  • 367701 (1982)
    Girder Bridge, Balmoral. South Elevation, Plan, Sectional Layout of bottom flange and Sectional Layout of top flange of Girder Birdge at Balmoral
  • 367700 (1982)
    Girder Bridge, Balmoral. South Elevation, Plan, Sectional Layout of bottom flange and Sectional Layout of top flange of Girder Birdge at Balmoral
  • 367699 (1982)
    Girder Bridge, Balmoral. South Elevation, Plan, Sectional Layout of bottom flange and Sectional Layout of top flange of Girder Birdge at Balmoral
  • 367698 (1982)
    Girder Bridge, Balmoral. South Elevation, Plan, Sectional Layout of bottom flange and Sectional Layout of top flange of Girder Birdge at Balmoral
  • 367697 (1982)
    Girder Bridge, Balmoral. South Elevation, Plan, Sectional Layout of bottom flange and Sectional Layout of top flange of Girder Birdge at Balmoral
  • 367696 (1982)
    Girder Bridge, Balmoral. South Elevation, Plan, Sectional Layout of bottom flange and Sectional Layout of top flange of Girder Birdge at Balmoral
  • 367695 (1982)
    Balmoral, Girder Bridge. Plan and section of girder and isometric details of Girder Birdge at Balmoral.
  • 367694 (1982)
    Balmoral, Girder Bridge. Plan and section of girder and isometric details of Girder Birdge at Balmoral.
  • 367693 (1982)
    Balmoral, Girder Bridge. Plan and section of girder and isometric details of Girder Birdge at Balmoral.
  • 367692 (1982)
    Balmoral, Girder Bridge. Plan and section of girder and isometric details of Girder Birdge at Balmoral.
  • 367691 (1982)
    Balmoral, Girder Bridge. Plan and section of girder and isometric details of Girder Birdge at Balmoral.
  • 367690 (1982)
    Balmoral, Girder Bridge. Plan and section of girder and isometric details of Girder Birdge at Balmoral.
  • 361758 (1982)
    Balmoral, Girder Bridge. View from South East.

PHOTOGRAPHS

  • 31156 ()
    J R Hume Industrial/CBA cards. Filed under Aberdeenshire county, Crathie and Braemar parish, Girder bridge. Photograph noted. (See NMRS MS/749 entry for Collection description)
  • 31156 (1974)
    View from riverbank.
  • 31156 (27/3/1980)
    Detail of East abutment.
  • 31156 (27/3/1980)
    Detail of rollers and cast-iron pads on East abutment on the downstream side.
  • 31156 (27/3/1980)
    General view looking West under the bridge.
  • 31156 (27/3/1980)
    General view of downstream side of East abutment.
  • 31156 (27/3/1980)
    General view looking South-West along bridge.
  • 31156 (27/3/1980)
    Detail of inward side of downstream side of girder.
  • 31156 (27/3/1980)
    Detail of East abutment looking East on the downstream side.
  • 31156 (27/3/1980)
    Detail of inward face of plate girder bridge, 1857-1858.
  • 31156 (25/4/1980)
    General view along bridge, looking West.
  • 31156 (25/4/1980)
    General view of downstream side of bridge, looking West.
  • 31156 (25/4/1980)
    General view of East abutment on downstream side.
  • 31156 (18/6/2001)
    Detail of manufacturers name plate (R. Brotherhood, Chippenham, Wilts. 1856)
  • 31156 (18/6/2001)
    Detail of manufacturers name plate (R. Brotherhood, Chippenham, Wilts. 1856)
  • 31156 (18/6/2001)
    View looking along deck of bridge from north east
  • 31156 (18/6/2001)
    View looking along deck of bridge from north east
  • 31156 (18/6/2001)
    View from south east
  • 31156 (18/6/2001)
    View from south east
  • 31156 (1982)
    View from South East.
  • 31156 (9/5/1982)
    Photographic copy of drawing showing plan, elevation, section and jointing layout.
  • 31156 (9/5/1982)
    Photographic copy of drawing showing plan and section of Girder and Isometric Details.
  • 31156 (1982)
    View from South East.

DIGITAL IMAGES

  • 1313831 (4/10/2012)
    General oblique aerial view of the Balmoral Castle Estate centred on the new golf course, taken from the NW.
  • 1313830 (4/10/2012)
    General oblique aerial view of the Balmoral Castle Estate centred on the new golf course, taken from the NNW.
  • 1313829 (4/10/2012)
    General oblique aerial view of the Balmoral Castle Estate centred on the new golf course, taken from the N.
  • 1313828 (4/10/2012)
    General oblique aerial view of the Balmoral Castle Estate centred on the new golf course, taken from the E.
  • 1313827 (4/10/2012)
    General oblique aerial view of the Balmoral Castle Estate centred on the new golf course, taken from the ESE.
  • 1313826 (4/10/2012)
    General oblique aerial view of the Balmoral Castle Estate centred on the new golf course, taken from the SE.
  • 1055386 (8/9/2006)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the road bridge and lodge, taken from the S.
  • 1055385 (8/9/2006)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the road bridge and the lodge with the church adjacent, taken from the WSW.
  • 1055384 (8/9/2006)
    Oblique aerial view centred on the road bridge and lodge, taken from the NNW.

MANUSCRIPTS

  • 31156 (1980)
    1 sheet - rubbing of maker's name plate, 25.3.1980. 4 sheets - elevations, plan and details, 27.3.1980. 5 sheets drawings. 1 sheets map extract. 1 booklet - article by A. Buchanan and S.K. Jones. 1 sheet correspondence. Photographs (contact prints): A76816-A76826.
  • 31156 (1981)
    RCAHMS Industrial Survey. Survey notes and drawings (GDH). Preliminary sketch and layout material (GDH). 39 colour polaroids of bridge.
  • 31156 (1981)
    Balmoral, Balmoral Bridge. Record sheet.

PRINTS AND DRAWINGS

  • 31156 (25/3/1980)
    Scale drawings of bridge.
  • 31156 ()
    Girder Bridge, Balmoral. South Elevation, Plan, Sectional Layout of bottom flange and Sectional Layout of top flange of Girder Birdge at Balmoral
  • 31156 ()
    Balmoral, Girder Bridge. Plan and section of girder and isometric details of Girder Birdge at Balmoral.

1st edition 6-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Aberdeenshire, Sheet XC1866

1st edition 25-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Aberdeen, Sheet 090.111866
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Aberdeen, Sheet 090.111866