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Fallin, Polmaise Colliery

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Record Detail

  • Organisation
    RCAHMS
  • Alternative name(s)
    POLMAISE NOS. 3 AND 4
  • Canmore ID
    108912
  • Site type
    COLLIERY
  • Parish
    ST NINIANS
  • Council
    STIRLINGSHIRE
  • NGR
    NS 837 914
  • Latitude, longitude
    56.101172N, 3.871285W
  • Archeological notes
    NS89SW 43 centred 837 914 For (associated) village of Fallin (centred NS 833 918), see NS89SW 42. Fallin Pit [NAT] OS 1:10,000 map, 1979. (Location cited as NS 8386 9138 - centred on Shaft No.3). POLMAISE 3, 4 and 5 (also known as FALLIN Colliery) Location: Fallin Previous Owners: Archibald Russell Limited Types of Coal: House, Steam (including navigation), and Anthracite Sinking/Production Commenced: 1904 Year Closed: 1987 Year Abandoned: 1987 Average Workforce: 606 Peak Workforce: 778 Peak Year: 1957 Shaft/Mine Details: 3 shafts in 1948, Nos. 3 and 4 375m deep, but No. 4 wound from 311m. No. 5 shaft 301m, sunk in 1940 (for ventilation, pumping and upcast). No. 3 at NS 8386 9138, rectangular, downcast and wood-lined; No. 4 at NS 8384 9139, rectangular, upcast and wood-lined; No. 5 at NS 8378 9142, circular and concrete-lined, with tower-mounted electric winder. Details in 1948: Output 700 tons per day, 175,000 tons per annum. 574 employees. Coppee Baum washer. Canteen, baths (1934, for 720 men, with 48 shower cubicles), first-aid. Electricity AC, generated at colliery (also supplies Polmaise 1 and 2 (NS89SW 44)). Report dated 16-08-1948. Other Details: Shafts 4 and 5 had timber headframes until replacement with steel structures in the early 1940s. The National Coal Board (NCB) reconstruction scheme of 1954 added a tower-mounted winder and mechanised underground transport. The complex included a washery, which also handled coal from Polmaise 1 and 2 (NS89SW 44). By 1960, production had diverted to the Upper Hirst seams, supplying Kincardine Power Station (NS98NW 61.00). In 1984, Polmaise 3 and 4 was one of the major flashpoints triggering the miners' strike. A miners' memorial was unveiled on 2 July 1994. M K Oglethorpe 2006. Polmaise 3 and 4 Colliery Baths, Lanarkshire: This building was erected on made ground and had to be carried on a reinforced concrete foundation. The pit entrance, with boot cleasing and greasing rooms etc. , occupies the flat roofed porition on the left (see SC 1073899), that on the right contains the canteen ad clean enctrance. The pitched roofs of the locker rooms can be seen at the rear; the bath house lies between them. The building is finished externally in cream cement with bands of green-glazed bricks. Opened: 27th January , 1934. Accommodation: 720 men. Cost: £10, 150. Canteen £696. Architect: J A Dempster ARIBA, Miners' Welfare Committee. Miners' Welfare Committee, 1935.
  • Architectural notes
    N/A

Related material information

SCANNED IMAGES

  • 431555 (25/4/1974)
    View from NNW showing main building and head frames.
  • 1073899 (1934)
    Scanned copy of image from annual report of Miners' Welfare Fund, 1934, Figure 15, Polmaise 3 and 4 , Colliery Baths, Lanarkshire.
  • 108912 (1934)
    Polmaise 3/4 Colliery Pithead Baths
  • 108912 (1910)
    Fallin, Polmaise Colliery, 3 and 4 Pits. General view of surface arrangement. undated
  • 108912 ()
    Fallin, Polmaise Colliery, 3 and 4 Pits. Elevated general view of steel headframes and associated winding-engine house. undated
  • 108912 ()
    Fallin, Polmaise Colliery, 3 and 4 Pits. General view of surface arrangement, showing addition of tower-mounted winder, completed in 1954, and surface mine in foreground. undated

PHOTOGRAPHS

  • 108912 (25/4/1974)
    View from NNW showing main building and head frames.
  • 108912 (1942)
    Coalfields of Scotland: Distribution map of Collieries in the Stirlingshire, Linlithgowshire, Lanarkshire and Dumbartonshire (detached) areas. Map of Collieries in 1942
  • 108912 ()
    Fallin, Polmaise Colliery, 3 and 4 Pits. General view of surface arrangement, showing addition of tower-mounted winder, completed in 1954, and surface mine in foreground. undated
  • 108912 ()
    Fallin, Polmaise Colliery. View of two steel headframes, with locomotive in foreground.
  • 108912 ()
    Fallin, Polmaise Colliery. Detailed view of two steel headframes. undated
  • 108912 ()
    Fallin, Polmaise Colliery. Elevated view of two steel headframes. undated
  • 108912 ()
    Fallin, Polmaise Colliery. View of two steel headframes. undated
  • 108912 ()
    Fallin, Polmaise Colliery. View of two steel headframes, and tower-mounted winder beyond. undated
  • 108912 ()
    Fallin, Polmaise Colliery. General view of surface arrangement from main road. undated
  • 108912 ()
    Fallin, Polmaise Colliery. Elevated view of steel headframes and associated winding-engine houses. undated
  • 108912 ()
    Fallin, Polmaise Colliery, 3 and 4 Pits. General view of surface arrangement. undated
  • 108912 (1910)
    Fallin, Polmaise Colliery, 3 and 4 Pits. Elevated general view of steel headframes and associated winding-engine house. undated

1st edition 6-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Perthshire, Sheet CXXXIX1863
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Stirlingshire, Sheet XVIII (with inset of sheet XVIIIa)1860

1st edition 25-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Perth and Clackmannan, Sheet 139.061863
 Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile Stirling, Sheet 018.051860