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Canna, Rubha Langanes

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Record Detail

  • Organisation
    RCAHMS
  • Alternative name(s)
    RUDHA LANGANES; RUDHA LANGANINNIS; TARBERT; 'KING OF NORWAY'S GRAVE'
  • Canmore ID
    10733
  • Site type
    STRUCTURE(S)
  • Parish
    SMALL ISLES
  • Council
    INVERNESS-SHIRE
  • NGR
    NG 2410 0657
  • Latitude, longitude
    57.067246N, 6.55339W
  • Archeological notes
    NG20NW 3 2410 0657, 2413 0656 and 2414 0667 See also NG20SE 2, 3, 4 and 9. (NG 2411 0659). (Information from private 6" map of T C Lethbridge 1953). A kerb of stones is all that remains of a burial cairn of the Viking period on a strip of machair below the cliffs at Rudha Langaninnis. The kerb, of smallish stones set fairly close together, encloses an area 32ft NW-SE by 6 1/2ft NE-SW. Two similar burials have been found in Arran and Colonsay, dated by coin finds to the 9th century AD. RCAHMS 1928. A rectangular setting of stones on sloping ground at NG 2407 0658 and generally as described by the RCAHMS. About 20.0m to the NNE, on the flat, is a similar but smaller structure oriented in the same direction and measuring 3.5m by 1.4m transversely. About 110.0m NNE is a third, facing down the slope, measuring 7.7m NNW- SSE by 2.6m at the S end (which appears to be curved) and contracting to 1.9m at the N end which is square. Visited by OS (I S S) 27 May 1972. These 'structures' are all marked by two parallel lines of contiguous stones on edge, some slightly curved, generally 1.0m to 1.5m apart, and varying in length between 3.5m and 26.0m. They have no common orientation. The ends of some are formed by a single boulder, and others by two or three stones on edge. None has any trace of a covering mound, although most protrude through a heavy turf or peat cover. A few have a more recent appearance, but these all occur on the shore where they are in close-cropped turf. They occur both on level ground and on slopes. It is probable that some near the shore-line are kelp kilns, but no certain identification of any of the structures is possible. They do not seem to mark burial places. Visited by OS (A A) 1 June 1972. (Previously classified as 'Viking burials' and buildings; name cited as Rudha Langaninnis at NG 2407 0658. Reclassified as Structures, name amended to Rubha Langanes and re-located at NG 2410 0657, 2413 0656 and 2414 0667). Three narrow rectangular structures lie on a low grass-grown promontory below the cliffs at Rubha Langanes. NG 2410 0657. The largest structure lies at the foot of the N-facing escarpment marking the S end of the promontory, and has been set end-on into the slope. Its sides and ends are defined by rows of boulders set on edge, although some forming the W side appear to have been displaced. It measures 9.8m from NNW to SSE by 1.3m internally, but a series of boulders at its S end, some of which have been set on edge, extend a further 5.3m up the slope. About 20m to the NNE, there is another subrectangular structure, defined by little more than an irregular line of boulders and measuring at least 2.4m from NNW to SSE by 0.9m internally. Some of the stones have been removed and placed in an arc immediately to the S, probably at a relatively recent date. NG 2413 0656. Overlooking these structures from a terrace above, there are the remains of what may be a small hut, now reduced to little more than an oval mound from which six boulders protrude. NG 2414 0667. The third of the rectangular structures is situated about 100m to the NNE, towards the edge of the cliff, and measures 7.3m from NNW to SSE by 1.6m internally; it too has been damaged and the lines of boulders defining its sides are irregular and displaced. (Canna 187-91) Visited by RCAHMS (IMS, ARG), 5 May 1994
  • Architectural notes
    N/A

Related material information

PHOTOGRAPHS

  • 10733 ()
  • 10733 ()
  • 10733 ()
    Canna, Rubha Langanes, structures: aerial view.
  • 10733 ()
    Canna, Rubha Langanes, structures: aerial view.
  • 10733 ()
    Canna, Rubha Langanes, structures: aerial view.
  • 10733 ()
    Canna, Rubha Langanes, structures: aerial view.
  • 10733 ()
    Canna, Rubha Langanes, structures: aerial view.
  • 10733 ()
    Canna, Rubha Langanes, structures: aerial view.
  • 10733 ()
    View of structure known as the King of Norway's grave at Rubha Langanes, Canna.
  • 10733 ()
    Maritime photographs: General views over Canna by the Archaeological Diving Unit (ADU). Includes ‘King of Norway’s Grave – structure; Tarbert Bay – mound; Beinn Tighe – souterrain; Dun Channa – fort; Losaid Eag – enclosure and Sanday, Am Mialagan – cottage.
  • 10733 ()
    NAS Canna survey
  • 10733 (1998)
    Field survey on Canna.
  • 10733 (1925)
    Inv. fig 310 RCAHMS
  • 10733 (1925)
    RCAHMS
  • 10733 (1920)
    View of "Vikings Grave" at Rubha Langanes, Canna, outer Hebrides on the horizon
  • 10733 (1920)
    View of "Vikings Grave" at Rubha Langanes, Canna
  • 10733 (1920)
    View of "Vikings Grave" at Rubha Langanes, Canna

SCANNED IMAGES

  • 10733 ()
  • 370002 ()
    NAS Canna survey
  • 369330 ()
    Field survey on Canna.

PRINTS AND DRAWINGS

  • 10733 (13/3/1996)
    Rubha Langanes, Canna, 'King of Norway's Grave', stone structure, and Conagearaidh, Canna, structure: plans at 1:100: interim number (13). Pencil on film (field drawings). AL, 13 March 1996.
  • 10733 (1996)
    Tarbert, Canna, 'King of Norway's Grave', stone structure: plan at 1:100 scale. Pen on film: interim number (14). AL, [1996].

1st edition 6-inch maps

TitleDateOther parishes/counties
 Ordnance Survey six-inch to the mile, Argyllshire (Island of Canna), Sheet LIII & LIV1877